The definitions of core and non-core vaccines described in the canine vaccination guidelines above also apply to the feline vaccines. The UC Davis veterinary hospital drug room does not stock this vaccine. In the event that a dose of vaccine is inadvertently The vaccine types recommended and the frequency of vaccination vary depending on the lifestyle of the pet being vaccinated (i.e. The vaccination must be administered by an authorised vet and must be in date at the time of travel. Questions remained regarding the vaccine’s ability to protect against all of the FIV subtypes and strains to which cats might be exposed. Previous vaccination does not prevent infection, and the significance of a positive test result in a vaccinated cat cannot be assessed. For all vaccines given, the product, expiration date, lot number, route and location of injection must be documented in the record. The initial vaccination should be followed by a booster 2-4 weeks later, and the first vaccine be given no earlier than 12 weeks of age. Thus, there is clear evidence for minimizing frequency of vaccination in cats. The recent introduction of vaccines with reduced amounts of foreign protein has reduced this problem. These are both agents associated with 'kennel cough' or canine infectious respiratory disease complex (CIRDC) in dogs. For cats older than 16 weeks of age, two doses of vaccine containing modified live virus (MLV) FHV1, FCV, and FPV given 3-4 weeks apart are recommended. Vaccination has a huge public health impact. *This article may not be reproduced without the written consent of the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. According to the manufacturer, to date, rare vaccinated dogs have died following a bite when there were substantial delays (12-24 hours) in seeking treatment. Most cats in cattery situations where FIP is a problem become infected with coronaviruses prior to 16 weeks of age, which is the age at which vaccination is first recommended. Chlamydia felis causes conjunctivitis in cats that generally responds readily to antimicrobial treatment. It appears to be uncommon in adult cats and pet cats in general. It is recommended that the course of action is agreed with the animal owner. Most boarding kennels require that this vaccine be given within 6 months of boarding; the vaccine should be administered at least one week prior to the anticipated boarding date for maximum effect. In addition, the disease can be fatal or have high morbidity, and also has zoonotic potential. If they are older than four months, two vaccines are enough. Vaccines for Dogs & Cats: Advice for owners Ref: Information Leaflet No. For dogs older than 16 weeks of age, two doses of vaccine containing modified live virus (MLV) CPV, CDV, and CAV-2 given 3-4 weeks apart are recommended. It should also be noted that much research in the area of companion animal vaccinology is required to generate optimal recommendations for vaccination of dogs and cats. Bordetella bronchiseptica is primarily a problem of very young kittens, where it can cause severe lower respiratory tract disease. Early dog vaccinations (see below for the adult dog vaccination schedule as well as the puppy vaccination schedule) will also allow you to socialise your dog earlier with other dogs. Canine Leptospira Vaccines We’d like to set additional cookies to understand how you use GOV.UK, remember your settings and improve government services. Guidelines for vaccination in shelter situations can be accessed at the UC Davis Center for Companion Animal Health's shelter medicine website. Owners of vaccinated dogs must still seek veterinary care immediately in the event of a bite, because 1) the type of snake is often unknown; 2) antibody titers may be overwhelmed in the face of severe envenomation, and 3) an individual dog may lack sufficient protection depending on its response to the vaccine and the time elapsed since vaccination. Several affected dogs have recently (December 2017/January 2018) been identified in the south bay area in Northern California. Visit the Internal Medicine Service website Introduction The UC Davis veterinary hospital vaccination guidelines below have been based on published studies and recommendations made by task forces. You must get your dog, cat or ferret vaccinated against rabies before it can travel. We currently stock the intranasal vaccine containing both B. bronchiseptica and CPiV. In addition, the leptospirosis vaccine is now recommended as a core vaccine for dogs in California because the disease has the potential to occur in any dog (even in urban environments), can be life-threatening, and the vaccines are considered safe and efficacious, with recent improvements in safety over the last decade. Some infections, e.g. The 2011 Canine Vaccination Guidelines can be accessedin their entirety online. parvovirus, can enter the household on inanimate objects such as grooming implements, food materials, clothes, shoes and hands. This means keeping your dog, cat or rabbit isolated from any other pet or animal that could be infected or be a carrier of a disease against which vaccination would normally have been given. Titer tests measure a dog’s immunity levels, and this can determine which, if any, vaccinations are necessary. These vaccines are not currently stocked by our drug room or routinely used at the UC Davis veterinary hospital. Until further supporting evidence is available from independent investigators that supports improved efficacy of the inactivated over the recombinant vaccine, the UC Davis veterinary hospital does not have a preference over whether inactivated or recombinant vaccines are used, but we currently stock the recombinant vaccine. Versican Plus Pi is available as a lyophilisate (freeze-dried pellet) with a solvent that are made up into a suspension for injection. Evidence for efficacy of these vaccines is minimal, and they may ‘produce adverse events with limited benefit’. Many dog owners opt for titer tests before they administer annual vaccinations. er et R.3112-2 du code de la santé publique a été publié le 1 mars 2019. The efficacy of this vaccine is controversial, and duration of immunity may be short, although the vaccine appears to be safe. ... on the authorised vaccination schedule for dogs has been published to help you make an informed decision on the vaccination schedule for your dog. The FIV vaccine was an inactivated, adjuvented dual subtype vaccine that was released in July 2002. If travel to endemic areas (i.e. Le protocole de vaccination Le protocole de vaccination et les rappels sont établis en fonction du vétérinaire et du mode de vie de votre chien. All rights reserved. Although a rattlesnake vaccine may be potentially useful for dogs that frequently encounter rattlesnakes, currently we are unable to recommend this vaccine because of insufficient information regarding the efficacy of the vaccine in dogs. However, there is some evidence that the inactivated vaccines may be more efficacious (Patel et al, 2015). The whole inactivated viral vaccines have recently been shown to be highly efficacious based on the results of molecular detection methods for FeLV, even producing sterilizing immunity, although this was not found to be the case for an inactivated mixed subunit vaccine (Torres et al, 2009). A previous history of vaccination reactions in an individual pet will also affect recommendations for vaccination. based on geographic distribution and the lifestyle of the pet. Vaccines considered as non-core vaccines are canine parainfluenza virus (CPiV), canine influenza virus H3N8, canine influenza virus H3N2 distemper-measles combination vaccine, Bordetella bronchiseptica, and Borrelia burgdorferi. The UC Davis veterinary hospital vaccination guidelines below have been based on published studies and recommendations made by task forces. The virus is now enzootic in many dog populations in Colorado, Florida, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and New York. The C. felis vaccine is therefore not stocked by the UC Davis veterinary hospital drug room. Vaccination is most likely to be useful in kittens and young adult cats, because acquired resistance to infection develops beyond 16 weeks of age. Therefore, we suggest annual vaccination of all dogs with vaccines containing all four Leptospira serovars (Grippotyphosa, Pomona, Canicola and Icterohaemorrhagiae). Feline Core Vaccines Canine Distemper-Measles Combination Vaccine The Department of Health provides a protocol that covers the minimum standards expected of professionals responsible for vaccination. Canine influenza virus H3N2 emerged in 2015 in Illinois and has spread to several other states, including California. Use of the recombinant FeLV vaccine offers the potential advantage of a decreased risk of sarcoma formation (Srivastav et al, 2012). As further research is performed, and as new vaccines become available on the market, this document will be continuously updated and modified. vaccines and immunoglobulins, and promote and implement mass dog vaccination as the most cost-effective intervention to achieve dog-mediated human rabies elimination. Visit the Small Animal Clinic website to see hospital services available for cats, View and enroll in current UC Davis clinical trials for cats, Attend our free monthly “An Evening with Vet Med” animal health topics lectures, Make a Gift to the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine - Social Media Hub, VIPERFacultyAlumniFuture Veterinary Medical CenterCampus Directory. If they are younger than four months, then proper vaccination protocol should be followed (two to three vaccines, with the last vaccine given not before the sixteenth week, and a booster a year later). Multiple leptospiral serovars are capable of causing disease in dogs, and minimal cross-protection is induced by each serovar. In mixed infections with CCV and canine parvovirus (CPV), CPV is the major pathogen. Diagnostic detection of 2019-nCoV by real-time RT-PCR -Protocol and preliminary evaluation as of Jan 17, 2020- Victor Corman, Tobias Bleicker, Sebastian Brünink, Christian Drosten Charité Virology, Berlin, Germany Olfert Landt, Tib-Molbiol, Berlin, Germany Marion Koopmans Core vaccines are recommended for all puppies and dogs with an unknown vaccination history. 3 SUMMARY OF EXPOSURE CATEGORIES Rabies Exposures (for dogs, cats, and ferrets) are defined as follows: Exposure Category 1: Visible bite wound or wounds known to have been sustained from a known or suspect rabid animal. Canine Rattlesnake Vaccine Vaccination is not recommended for FeLV-positive cats and indoor cats with no likelihood of exposure to FeLV. Canine Parainfluenza Virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica If a cat develops a palpable granuloma at the site of previous vaccination, the benefits vs risks of future vaccinations should be carefully considered. Canine Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme) Vaccine Visit the Internal Medicine Service website. Several other canine vaccines are currently available on the market. Ref: #281595 PDF, 407KB, 40 pages. Protocol for Animal Control and Law Enforcement Agencies addressing animal bites and potential rabies exposures (August 28, 2019) Introduction: The Louisiana State Public Health Sanitary Code states, When any dog, cat, or ferret bites a human being, said animal shall be confined (as described in §113) for a minimum of 10 days Cats are important in the epidemiology of rabies in the United States. It is indicated only for use in households/kennels/shelters where CDV is a recognized problem. one dose of vaccine, in a volume of 0.1 ml is given intradermally at two different lymphatic drainage sites, usually the left and right upper arm, on days 0, 3, 7 and 28. Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. Copyright © The Regents of the University of California, Davis campus. Updated table of authorised vaccines for dogs. Canine influenza virus H3N8 emerged in the United States in greyhounds in Florida in 2003. Chances are your vet's suggestions will break down into two categories: core pet vaccines and non-core vaccines. 2. The virus causes upper respiratory signs including a cough, nasal discharge, and a low-grade fever followed by recovery. Feline Non-Core Vaccines Vaccination of dogs that have had previous reactions to Leptospira vaccines should be avoided if possible. Influenza vaccine is recommended for all residents of New Brunswick six months of age and older. • On 15 January 2020, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan (MHLW) reported an imported case of laboratory-confirmed 2019-novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Feline Herpesvirus 1, Feline Calicivirus and Feline Panleukopenia Virus Vaccines Feline Rabies Virus Vaccines For the killed rabies vaccines, a booster is required at one year, and thereafter, rabies vaccination should be performed every 3 years using a vaccine approved for 3-year administration. Feline Chlamydia felis Vaccine Optional or non-core vaccines for cats consist of the vaccines for feline immunodeficiency virus, Chlamydia felis, and Bordetella bronchiseptica. A booster is required one year later, and thereafter, rabies vaccination should be performed every 3 years using a vaccine approved for 3-year administration. These are vaccines for canine coronavirus, canine adenovirus-1, and rattlesnake envenomation. For puppies and previously unvaccinated dogs, only one dose of this vaccine is required (recommendations differ for the parenteral, killed form of this vaccine). Like people, pets need vaccines. According to recommendations of the vaccine-associated sarcoma task force, rabies vaccines are administered subcutaneously as distally as possible in the right rear limb. For Bordetella bronchiseptica, mucosal vaccination with live avirulent bacteria is recommended for dogs expected to board, be shown, or to enter a kennel situation within 6 months of the time of vaccination. Vaccination with these vaccines is generally less effective in protecting against disease than vaccination with the core vaccines. After a booster at 6 months to one year, revaccination is suggested every 3 years thereafter for cats at low risk of exposure. Tell your provider if you feel dizzy or have vision changes or ringing in the ears. We do not recommend vaccination with CAV-1 vaccines, since vaccination with CAV-2 results in immunity to CAV-1, and the use of CAV-2 vaccines results in less frequent adverse events. According to recommendations of the vaccine-associated sarcoma task force, parenteral FeLV vaccines are administered subcutaneously as distally as possible in the left rear limb. Bacillus Calmette–Guérin (BCG) vaccine, a live-attenuated strain derived from an isolate of Mycobacterium bovis and originally designed to prevent tuberculosis, has shown some efficacy against infection with unrelated pathogens. effective protocol. Adult cats with unknown vaccination history should also receive a single dose of killed or recombinant rabies vaccine. In the Province of Québec, vaccine coverage in young children are sub-optimal, mostly due to ambivalence toward vaccine safety and efficacy. An up to date dog vaccination history is often required in places where dogs will closely interact with each other, such as boarding kennels, dog training classes and doggy day care . Boosters are recommended at least annually while dogs remain at risk. For the recombinant vaccines, boosters are recommended at yearly intervals. If you have a dog, the core vaccines should be administered according to your dog’s age. In accordance with California state law, we recommend that puppies receive a single dose of killed rabies vaccine at 12 weeks or 3 months of age. Immunity induced by vaccination is probably of short duration and the vaccine provides only incomplete protection. The vaccination protocol to be followed and the vaccines to be used should be determined within a veterinarian–client–patient relationship. People sometimes faint after medical procedures, including vaccination. Maintaining vaccine coverage is key to avoid the devastating consequences of resurgence. It is recommended that these vaccines be administered on the right thoracic limb as distally as possible. 5 choses à savoir sur la vaccination du chien. Other Canine Vaccines After a booster at 6 months to one year, revaccination is recommended every 3 years thereafter, ideally using a product approved for 3-year administration, unless there are special circumstances that warrant more or less frequent revaccination. These include the AAFP/AFM Advisory Panel on Feline Vaccines, AAHA Canine Vaccine Task Force, and World Small Animal Veterinary Association, which include representatives from academia, private practices, governmental regulatory bodies, and industry. The feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) vaccine has been listed as ‘Not Generally Recommended’ by the AAFP. Most infected dogs show no clinical signs, and the majority of dogs contracting Lyme disease respond to treatment with antimicrobials. Vaccination against CPV therefore protects puppies from disease following challenge with both canine enteric coronavirus and CPV. It is no longer being made or distributed in North America. The CTC approach can be adopted by countries for carefully Canine Core Vaccines Provoked versus unprovoked bite: A provoked dog bite should also be managed as an exposure and PEP started immediately. In general we recommend that kittens receive a single dose of killed or recombinant rabies vaccine at 12-16 weeks of age. of lab-confirmed novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. Reaction rates for vaccines containing Leptospira, while higher than those for vaccines that do not contain Leptospira, are still low in incidence (in one study, < 0.6%). Publications . The Rabies Prevention and Control Protocol, 2018 (or as current) is part of the Infectious and Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Standard. Several of the diseases involved are often self-limiting or respond readily to treatment. The document below has been generated by a group of faculty and staff at UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine for the purposes of veterinary student education and as a reference for referring veterinarians. Serum antibodies do not correlate with resistance to infection, and duration of immunity is unknown. We use some essential cookies to make this website work. Canine Non-Core Vaccines Don’t worry we won’t send you spam or share your email address with anyone. Vaccine administered intradermally must raise a visible and palpable “bleb” in the skin. For dogs, several of the most common vaccines are typically given together in a single shot that’s known as the DHPP vaccine, 5-in-1 vaccine for dogs, or 5-way puppy shot. We’ll send you a link to a feedback form. But why give your pet five shots when they could get what they need in one? However, the vaccine has been associated with adverse reactions in 3% of vaccinated cats, and we do not recommend routine vaccination of low-risk cats with this vaccine. The Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control pdf icon [PDF – 259KB] external icon is published by the National Association of State Public Health Veterinarians (NASPHV). The protocol The use of FPV MLV vaccines should be avoided in pregnant queens and kittens less than one month of age. The incidence of Lyme disease in California is currently considered extremely low. • Vaccin contre le méningocoque de sérogroupe B : Bexsero®. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in a global pandemic, and there is limited data on effective therapies. ... 11667-02-2019 Routine Immunization Schedule . Interested readers are referred to documents published by these groups for further information (see References and Resources listed at the end of this document). Vaccination could be considered for seronegative cats entering a cattery where FIP is common. A number of FeLV vaccines are available on the market. For initial puppy vaccination (< 16 weeks), one dose of vaccine containing modified live virus (MLV) CPV, CDV, and CAV-2 is recommended every 3-4 weeks from 6-8 weeks of age, with the final booster being given no sooner than 16 weeks of age. Dogs develop neutralizing antibody titers to C. atrox venom, and may also develop antibody titers to components of other rattlesnake venoms, but research in this area is ongoing. (1) For dogs, cats and ferrets: the manufacturer's protocol with regards to minimum age of animal as well as frequency and intervals of vaccination(s) was followed; and at least thirty (30) days have elapsed since the initial vaccination; and not more than twelve (12) months have elapsed since the last vaccine if last vaccine was the initial Furthermore, prophylaxis may be effectively achieved by preventing exposure to the tick vector. However, it has recently been recommended that kittens are at the highest risk of contracting feline leukemia virus more so than adult cats, therefore many vets are reconsidering making Felv a “core vaccination”. Vaccination may have the potential to interfere with the results of serological testing, which in non-endemic areas are useful to assist diagnosis. Killed and intranasal varieties of these vaccines are not routinely used at the UC Davis veterinary hospital, but there may be some advantages to the use of non-adjuvanted vaccines that that include two inactivated FCV strains over those that contain one strain. Based on existing evidence, the UC Davis veterinary hospital does not currently recommend routine vaccination of dogs for rattlesnake envenomation, and the vaccine is not stocked by our drug room. The table of vaccines lists vaccine products which have been authorised by the VMD. These groups have evaluated the benefits versus risks of the vaccines currently available on the market. The UC Davis veterinary hospital does not stock or routinely recommend use of these vaccines. Vaccines licensed accordingly can be used in a CTC. O – Organizational – A good organizational set up will ensure sufficient supply of quality-assured canine rabies vaccines through vaccine … The UC Davis veterinary hospital does not stock the Lyme vaccine or recommend it for use in dogs residing solely in Northern California. The UC Davis veterinary hospital drug room did not stock this vaccine, and its routine use in indoor cats is not recommended. 1. Disease caused by CIV H3N2 may be slightly more severe than that caused by CIV H3N8, and the virus has affected more dogs in veterinary hospitals and the community (H3N8 has largely remained confined to shelters). And when you add in core vs. noncore vaccines (mandatory shots vs. those recommended by your vet), it can get even more complicated. Adverse reactions appear to be low and consistent with those resulting from vaccination with other products available on the market. The recommendations below have been made in light of the AVMA/AAHA/AAFP/VCS task force recommendations on vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats. 2019 . A small percentage of dogs develop more severe signs in association with hemorrhagic pneumonia. These include vaccines for canine parvovirus (CPV), canine distemper virus (CDV), canine adenovirus (CAV), and rabies. Vaccination is important for preventing serious diseases from affecting your dog. The UC Davis veterinary hospital does not recommend administering different vaccine antigens at separate time points because it reduces the chance that vaccines will be administered and there is poor evidence that it decreases the risk of reactions occurring. In general, guidelines for vaccination of cats have been strongly influenced by the appearance of vaccine-associated sarcomas in cats, and in particular their epidemiologic association with feline leukemia virus vaccines and killed rabies virus vaccines. the East Coast) is anticipated, vaccination could be considered, followed by boosters at intervals in line with risk of exposure. Canine Rabies Virus Vaccines Vaccines may reduce clinical signs and virus shedding in dogs infected by CIV. Unfortunately, vaccination of FIV-negative cats rendered currently available serologic tests (ELISA and Western blot) positive for at least a year following vaccination, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based tests do not reliably identify cats with natural infection. All vaccine-associated sarcomas should be reported to the vaccine manufacturer.